- Elizabeth Tirta Santoso
Improving Access to Health through On-Demand Health Workers
The health situation in Indonesia can vary over time. Various factors can influence it, including epidemiological conditions, health infrastructure, government policies, and public awareness and adherence to health practices and disease prevention protocols. In general, the health system in Indonesia faces various challenges, including limited access to health services, lack of adequate health facilities, funding problems, and inequality of health services between urban and rural areas. Several communicable diseases, such as malaria, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and tuberculosis, are still health problems in several regions in Indonesia. In addition, non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity, are also health challenges in Indonesia.
One of the causes of limited access to health services is:
Limited access to health services: Several regions in Indonesia, remote or rural, still need help regarding access to adequate health services. Health facilities are often limited or inadequate, including the number of medical personnel, medical facilities, and medical equipment.
Inequality in health services: There is inequality in health services between urban and rural areas and between the different islands of Indonesia. Urban areas often have more health facilities and better access to quality medical services, while rural or remote areas often face limited health services.
Funding issues: The health system in Indonesia needs more funding to provide quality health services. Health budgets are often limited and sometimes sufficient to meet existing needs, especially for less developed areas.
Economic factors: Some people in Indonesia may face economic constraints in accessing health services. The cost of health services, including visits, medical tests, drugs, and treatment, can be a barrier for low-income people or those who need access to health insurance.
Geographical factors: The vast Indonesian archipelago of thousands of islands complicates access to health services in some remote areas. Infrastructure, limited transportation, and difficult geographical conditions can affect access to health.
Cultural and educational factors: Some people in Indonesia may still need more cultural beliefs or knowledge about the importance of health care, so they may not seek the necessary medical care or rely on traditional medicine. In addition, the low level of health literacy and education can hinder people's understanding of the importance of health and disease prevention.
To increase access to health in Indonesia, the government, health organizations, and related parties are working together to address this challenge, including improving health infrastructure, increasing health funding, increasing public health education, and strengthening the national health insurance system. Therefore, the way to deal with challenges in the Indonesian health system is to have On-Demand health workers, which refers to flexible access and according to needs in even rural and remote areas. It will be a solution to expand access to health in Indonesia.