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  • Fitria Ramadhanti, Ns.


Dokter umum di Klinik

General practitioners can be known or primary service doctors have a very important role. In practice, the doctor is the first contact with the patient. That way, doctors are required to know and understand the signs and symptoms of the disease suffered by patients. A general practitioner is a doctor who has a work focus on diseases that appear suddenly or that have been around for a long time (chronic). General practitioners are tasked with serving patients in general and are not focused on the patient's illness in a particular section. Because, if a patient needs additional examinations, the general practitioner will usually refer to a specialist doctor who is related to the patient's illness. In general, the difference between the duties of a general practitioner and a specialist is in the provision of comprehensive health services to patients. In addition, general practitioners also have duties and play a role as someone who can provide initial and ongoing medical services to patients who come from all age groups.

General practitioners can not only work in a hospital environment, but general practitioners can work in any health care setting such as a health center or clinic. A general practitioner can also set up a private clinic and also provide health services by visiting patients directly (homecare). The following are the competencies and roles of general practitioners:

  1. Have anamnesis skills or medical interviews to find out disease complaints and other information related to the patient's disease.

  2. Have expertise in conducting general physical examinations to diagnose and determine treatment that suits the patient's needs.

  3. Make or prescribe medicines based on the patient's illness.

  4. Carry out or provide vaccinations and perform wound care.

  5. Provide counseling or education related to the maintenance of good health.

  6. Perform basic medical rehabilitation for patients and the community to prevent further complications of the disease.

  7. Carrying out simple supporting examinations, for example urine tests, blood tests, and rapid tests, as well as interpreting the results of these tests.

  8. Recommend other supporting tests, for example X-ray examination, based on the symptoms the patient is experiencing.

  9. Take preventive measures and direct patients to want to live a healthy lifestyle.

  10. As well as having the responsibility to refer patients to specialist doctors according to the conditions experienced by patients.

Of course, the role of the general practitioner above will not be successful without the collaboration of a good health team. However, currently there are still many ordinary people who do not know the difference between general practitioners and specialist doctors and think that all doctors have the same competence. However, in this way both are very different and have their respective roles which are indeed important. Not all diseases can be treated thoroughly only by general practitioners. There are several diseases that do require special attention and care from a specialist. The general practitioner will initially act as the first care giver, before referring the patient to a specialist doctor according to the disease he has. Here are some examples of health problems that can be treated by general practitioners:

  1. Diseases that attack the lungs such as asthma, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, or uncomplicated pulmonary tuberculosis.

  2. The presence of acute respiratory infections such as strep throat, flu, laryngitis and tonsillitis.

  3. An infection in the ear such as otitis externa.

  4. Presence of eye disease, such as dry eyes or conjunctivitis.

  5. Digestive problems, such as stomach acid, diarrhea, gastritis, or constipation.

  6. There is an infection in the urinary tract.

  7. Metabolic diseases such as high cholesterol, diabetes, gout, obesity, and malnutrition.

  8. Febrile convulsion.

  9. Hypertension.

  10. Headaches, migraines and vertigo

  11. And so forth.


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